Multi-Messenger Astrophysics and the United Nations Open Universe Initiative

Paolo Giommi is a senior scientist at the Italian Space Agency, Rome Italy and Hans Fisher Senior Fellow at TUM-IAS. He, his host Prof. Elisa Resconi and Dr. Paolo Padovani of ESO, compose the focus group on “Multi-Messenger astrophysics and the United Nations Open Universe initiative”.

Our knowledge of the Universe is evolving very rapidly thanks to the constant improvement of consolidated observational techniques in all parts of the electromagnetic spectrum, and to the recent opening of novel observational channels based on new “messengers” such as astrophysical neutrinos, ultra-high energy Cosmic Rays, and gravitational waves.

The focus group concentrates on the search for astrophysical sources that generate high-energy neutrinos and ultra-high energy cosmic rays, aiming at understanding the physical mechanisms that accelerate particles to the most extreme energies observed in nature. The focus group will also contribute to the “Open Universe” initiative by favouring the inclusion of existing, and openly available, space science data in Germany, and by developing new techniques for the utilization of open data in multi-wavelength, multi-messenger astrophysics.

TUM-IAS funded doctoral candidate:

Theo Glauch, Experimental Physics with Cosmic Particles

Publications by the Focus Group

2019

  • Lucarelli, F.; Tavani, M.; Piano, G.; Bulgarelli, A.; Donnarumma, I.; Verrecchia, F.; Pittori, C.; Antonelli, L. A.; Argan, A.; Barbiellini, G.; Caraveo, P.; Cardillo, M.; Cattaneo, P. W.; Chen, A.; Colafrancesco, S.; Costa, E.; Monte, E. Del; Cocco, G. Di; Ferrari, A.; Fioretti, V.; Galli, M.; Giommi, P.; Giuliani, A.; Lipari, P.; Longo, F.; Mereghetti, S.; Morselli, A.; Paoletti, F.; Parmiggiani, N.; Pellizzoni, A.; Picozza, P.; Pilia, M.; Rappoldi, A.; Trois, A.; Ursi, A.; Vercellone, S.; Vittorini, V.;: AGILE Detection of Gamma-Ray Sources Coincident with Cosmic Neutrino Events. The Astrophysical Journal 870 (2), 2019, 136 mehr…
  • Padovani, P; Oikonomou, F; Petropoulou, M; Giommi, P; Resconi, E: TXS 0506+056, the first cosmic neutrino source, is not a BL Lac. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters 484 (1), 2019, L104-L108 mehr…

2018

  • Coenders, Stefan; Resconi, Elisa; Padovani, Paolo; Giommi, Paolo; Caccianiga, Lorenzo: A Novel Study Connecting Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays, Neutrinos, and Gamma-Rays. Proceedings of 2016 International Conference on Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR2016), Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 2018 mehr…
  • Giommi, P.; Arrigo, G.; Barres de Almeida, U.; de Angelis, M.; del Rio Vera, J.; di Ciaccio, S.; di Pippo, S.; Iacovoni, S.; Pollock, A.M.T.: The Open Universe Initiative. ESPI-UNISPACE+50, 2018 mehr…
  • IceCube Collaboration: Neutrino emission from the direction of the blazar TXS 0506+056 prior to the IceCube-170922A alert. Science, 2018, eaat2890 mehr…
  • Padovani, P; Giommi, P; Resconi, E; Glauch, T; Arsioli, B; Sahakyan, N; Huber, M: Dissecting the region around IceCube-170922A: the blazar TXS 0506+056 as the first cosmic neutrino source. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 480 (1), 2018, 192-203 mehr…
  • The IceCube Collaboration, Fermi-LAT, MAGIC, AGILE, ASAS-SN, HAWC, H.E.S.S., INTEGRAL, Kanata, Kiso, Kapteyn, Liverpool Telescope, Subaru, Swift/NuSTAR, VERITAS, VLA/17B-403 teams: Multimessenger observations of a flaring blazar coincident with high-energy neutrino IceCube-170922A. Science, 2018, eaat1378 mehr…