Multi-Messenger Astrophysics and the United Nations Open Universe Initiative

Paolo Giommi is a senior scientist at the Italian Space Agency, Rome Italy and Hans Fisher Senior Fellow at TUM-IAS. He, his host Prof. Elisa Resconi and Dr. Paolo Padovani of ESO, compose the focus group on “Multi-Messenger astrophysics and the United Nations Open Universe initiative”.

Our knowledge of the Universe is evolving very rapidly thanks to the constant improvement of consolidated observational techniques in all parts of the electromagnetic spectrum, and to the recent opening of novel observational channels based on new “messengers” such as astrophysical neutrinos, ultra-high energy Cosmic Rays, and gravitational waves.

The focus group concentrates on the search for astrophysical sources that generate high-energy neutrinos and ultra-high energy cosmic rays, aiming at understanding the physical mechanisms that accelerate particles to the most extreme energies observed in nature. The focus group will also contribute to the “Open Universe” initiative by favouring the inclusion of existing, and openly available, space science data in Germany, and by developing new techniques for the utilization of open data in multi-wavelength, multi-messenger astrophysics.

TUM-IAS funded doctoral candidate:

Theo Glauch, Experimental Physics with Cosmic Particles

Publications by the Focus Group

2021

  • Fraga, Bernardo M O; de Almeida, Ulisses Barres; Bom, Clécio R; Brandt, Carlos H; Giommi, Paolo; Schubert, Patrick; de Albuquerque, Márcio P: Deep learning blazar classification based on multi-frequency spectral energy distribution data. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2021 mehr…
  • Paiano, Simona; Falomo, Renato; Treves, Aldo; Padovani, Paolo; Giommi, Paolo; Scarpa, Riccardo: The spectra of IceCube neutrino candidate sources – I. Optical spectroscopy of blazars. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 504 (3), 2021, 3338-3353 mehr…
  • Sahakyan, N; Giommi, P: The strange case of the transient HBL blazar 4FGL J1544.3−0649. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 502 (1), 2021, 836-844 mehr…

2020

  • Chang, Y.-L.; Brandt, C.H.; Giommi, P.: The Open Universe VOU-Blazars tool. Astronomy and Computing 30, 2020, 100350 mehr…
  • Giommi, P.; Chang, Y. L.; Turriziani, S.; Glauch, T.; Leto, C.; Verrecchia, F.; Padovani, P.; Penacchioni, A. V.; Arneodo, F.; Barres de Almeida, U.; Brandt, C. H.; Capalbi, M.; Civitarese, O.; D’Elia, V.; Di Giovanni, A.; De Angelis, M.; Del Rio Vera, J.; Di Pippo, S.; Middei, R.; Perri, M.; Pollock, A. M. T.; Puccetti, S.; Ricard, N.; Ruffini, R.; Sahakyan, N.: Open Universe survey of Swift-XRT GRB fields: Flux-limited sample of HBL blazars. Astronomy & Astrophysics 642, 2020, A141 mehr…
  • Giommi, P.; Padovani, P.; Oikonomou, F.; Glauch, T.; Paiano, S.; Resconi, E.: 3HSP J095507.9+355101: A flaring extreme blazar coincident in space and time with IceCube-200107A. Astronomy & Astrophysics 640, 2020, L4 mehr…
  • Giommi, P; Glauch, T; Padovani, P; Resconi, E; Turcati, A; Chang, Y L: Dissecting the regions around IceCube high-energy neutrinos: growing evidence for the blazar connection. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 497 (1), 2020, 865-878 mehr…
  • Paiano, Simona; Falomo, Renato; Padovani, Paolo; Giommi, Paolo; Gargiulo, Adriana; Uslenghi, Michela; Rossi, Andrea; Treves, Aldo: The redshift and the host galaxy of the neutrino candidate 4FGL J0955.1+3551 (3HSP J095507.9+355101). Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters 495 (1), 2020, L108-L111 mehr…
  • Petropoulou, Maria; Oikonomou, Foteini; Mastichiadis, Apostolos; Murase, Kohta; Padovani, Paolo; Vasilopoulos, Georgios; Giommi, Paolo: Comprehensive Multimessenger Modeling of the Extreme Blazar 3HSP J095507.9+355101 and Predictions for IceCube. The Astrophysical Journal 899 (2), 2020, 113 mehr…

2019

  • Belladitta, S.; Moretti, A.; Caccianiga, A.; Ghisellini, G.; Cicone, C.; Sbarrato, T.; Ighina, L.; Pedani, M.: An extremely X-ray weak blazar atz= 5. Astronomy & Astrophysics 629, 2019, A68 mehr…
  • Bulgarelli, A.; Fioretti, V.; Parmiggiani, N.; Verrecchia, F.; Pittori, C.; Lucarelli, F.; Tavani, M.; Aboudan, A.; Cardillo, M.; Giuliani, A.; Cattaneo, P. W.; Chen, A. W.; Piano, G.; Rappoldi, A.; Baroncelli, L.; Argan, A.; Antonelli, L. A.; Donnarumma, I.; Gianotti, F.; Giommi, P.; Giusti, M.; Longo, F.; Pellizzoni, A.; Pilia, M.; Trifoglio, M.; Trois, A.; Vercellone, S.; Zoli, A.: Second AGILE catalogue of gamma-ray sources. Astronomy & Astrophysics 627, 2019, A13 mehr…
  • Chang, Y.-L.; Arsioli, B.; Giommi, P.; Padovani, P.; Brandt, C. H.: The 3HSP catalogue of extreme and high-synchrotron peaked blazars. Astronomy & Astrophysics 632, 2019, A77 mehr…
  • Giommi, P.; Brandt, C. H.; Barres de Almeida, U.; Pollock, A. M. T.; Arneodo, F.; Chang, Y. L.; Civitarese, O.; De Angelis, M.; D’Elia, V.; Del Rio Vera, J.; Di Pippo, S.; Middei, R.; Penacchioni, A. V.; Perri, M.; Ruffini, R.; Sahakyan, N.; Turriziani, S.: Open Universe for Blazars: a new generation of astronomical products based on 14 years of Swift-XRT data. Astronomy & Astrophysics 631, 2019, A116 mehr…
  • Glauch, Theo; Padovani, Paolo; Giommi, Paolo; Resconi, Elisa; Arsioli, Bruno; Sahakyan, Narek; Huber, Matthias: Dissecting the region around IceCube-170922A: the blazar TXS 0506+056 as the first cosmic neutrino source. EPJ Web of Conferences 207, 2019, 02003 mehr…
  • Klingler, N. J.; Kennea, J. A.; Evans, P. A.; Tohuvavohu, A.; Cenko, S. B.; Barthelmy, S. D.; Beardmore, A. P.; Breeveld, A. A.; Brown, P. J.; Burrows, D. N.; Campana, S.; Cusumano, G.; D’Aì, A.; D’Avanzo, P.; D’Elia, V.; de Pasquale, M.; Emery, S. W. K.; Garcia, J.; Giommi, P.; Gronwall, C.; Hartmann, D. H.; Krimm, H. A.; Kuin, N. P. M.; Lien, A.; Malesani, D. B.; Marshall, F. E.; Melandri, A.; Nousek, J. A.; Oates, S. R.; O’Brien, P. T.; Osborne, J. P.; Page, K. L.; Palmer, D. M.; Perri, M.; Racusin, J. L.; Siegel, M. H.; Sakamoto, T.; Sbarufatti, B.; Tagliaferri, G.; Troja, E.: Swift-XRT Follow-up of Gravitational-wave Triggers in the Second Advanced LIGO/Virgo Observing Run. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 245 (1), 2019, 15 mehr…
  • Lucarelli, F.; Tavani, M.; Piano, G.; Bulgarelli, A.; Donnarumma, I.; Verrecchia, F.; Pittori, C.; Antonelli, L. A.; Argan, A.; Barbiellini, G.; Caraveo, P.; Cardillo, M.; Cattaneo, P. W.; Chen, A.; Colafrancesco, S.; Costa, E.; Monte, E. Del; Cocco, G. Di; Ferrari, A.; Fioretti, V.; Galli, M.; Giommi, P.; Giuliani, A.; Lipari, P.; Longo, F.; Mereghetti, S.; Morselli, A.; Paoletti, F.; Parmiggiani, N.; Pellizzoni, A.; Picozza, P.; Pilia, M.; Rappoldi, A.; Trois, A.; Ursi, A.; Vercellone, S.; Vittorini, V.;: AGILE Detection of Gamma-Ray Sources Coincident with Cosmic Neutrino Events. The Astrophysical Journal 870 (2), 2019, 136 mehr…
  • Mazin, D.; Gerard, L.; Ward, J.E.; Giommi, P.; Brown, A.M.: KSP: Extragalactic Survey. In: Science with the Cherenkov Telescope Array. WORLD SCIENTIFIC, 2019 mehr…
  • Padovani, P; Oikonomou, F; Petropoulou, M; Giommi, P; Resconi, E: TXS 0506+056, the first cosmic neutrino source, is not a BL Lac. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters 484 (1), 2019, L104-L108 mehr…
  • The CTA Consortium: Science with the Cherenkov Telescope Array. WORLD SCIENTIFIC, 2019 mehr…
  • Turriziani, Sara; Fraga, B; Giommi, P: A new sample of X-ray selected Swift/SDSS faint blazars and blazar candidates. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2019 mehr…

2018

  • Coenders, Stefan; Resconi, Elisa; Padovani, Paolo; Giommi, Paolo; Caccianiga, Lorenzo: A Novel Study Connecting Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays, Neutrinos, and Gamma-Rays. Proceedings of 2016 International Conference on Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR2016), Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 2018 mehr…
  • Giommi, P.; Arrigo, G.; Barres de Almeida, U.; de Angelis, M.; del Rio Vera, J.; di Ciaccio, S.; di Pippo, S.; Iacovoni, S.; Pollock, A.M.T.: The Open Universe Initiative. ESPI-UNISPACE+50, 2018 mehr…
  • IceCube Collaboration: Neutrino emission from the direction of the blazar TXS 0506+056 prior to the IceCube-170922A alert. Science, 2018, eaat2890 mehr…
  • Padovani, P; Giommi, P; Resconi, E; Glauch, T; Arsioli, B; Sahakyan, N; Huber, M: Dissecting the region around IceCube-170922A: the blazar TXS 0506+056 as the first cosmic neutrino source. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 480 (1), 2018, 192-203 mehr…
  • The IceCube Collaboration, Fermi-LAT, MAGIC, AGILE, ASAS-SN, HAWC, H.E.S.S., INTEGRAL, Kanata, Kiso, Kapteyn, Liverpool Telescope, Subaru, Swift/NuSTAR, VERITAS, VLA/17B-403 teams: Multimessenger observations of a flaring blazar coincident with high-energy neutrino IceCube-170922A. Science, 2018, eaat1378 mehr…

2012

  • Bulgarelli, A.; Chen, A. W.; Tavani, M.; Gianotti, F.; Trifoglio, M.; Contessi, T.: Evaluating the maximum likelihood method for detecting short-term variability of AGILEγ-ray sources. Astronomy & Astrophysics 540, 2012, A79 mehr…

2011

  • Piffaretti, R.; Arnaud, M.; Pratt, G. W.; Pointecouteau, E.; Melin, J.-B.: The MCXC: a meta-catalogue of x-ray detected clusters of galaxies. Astronomy & Astrophysics 534, 2011, A109 mehr…